Preaching in an Era of Spiritual Decline

From my youth, growing up in the church, preaching has always had a sort of glamour to me—the man of God ascends to the pulpit holding the congregation captive by the word of God. That image is riveting. However, the idealized picture of my youth has been tainted by much of what is considered to be preaching today.

  • The men of God seems to be in increasingly short supply. It seems each week brings new pastoral scandals of the increasingly salacious variety.
  • The pulpit to proclaim the word of God has been replaced in many churches by the barstool of self-help, as preachers usurp a verse of Scripture only to bounce off it like a diving board just to herald their own wisdom.
  • The congregation captive by the word of God is scarce, with far too many suffering from chronically itching ears.

Yet, this is not another blog post lamenting the state of preaching today. Instead, this post aims to find some comfort in the seemingly cyclical pattern of God’s people, going all the way back to Israel herself. Decline begins with a neglect of God’s word. Lacking discernment or wisdom, people accumulate for themselves teachers to suit their own passions. God sends messengers of warning and calls for repentance, only for those messengers to be ignored and abused.

Jeremiah lamented his calling, even wishing he had not been born. His God-given message of warning earned him both derision and shame from his own people. In that sense, the word of God brought affliction to the preacher. He was given a message of judgment that earned him the ire of Israel, which boiled over in cruel persecution. In Jeremiah 15, he remembers how the word of God brought him great joy as he ate them—they were the delight of his heart. However, that word brought him isolation, rejection, and pain.

Ezekiel’s calling also replicates the of barren ministry pattern of the prophetic office. The Lord insisted that Ezekiel open his mouth and eat the scroll, a scroll filled with “lamentations, mournings, and woe” (Ezk 2:9). With the word of God in his belly, the Lord gives him a repeated command to preach that word faithfully even though “the house of Israel will not be willing to listen to you” (Ezk 3:7).

These scriptural observations reveal a good deal about the nature of the ministry of the word; it is often barren and desolate, particularly during eras of spiritual decline. True preaching often brings suffering to the preacher as the people reject the true Word of God for the tickling words of false teachers. Yet, true preachers are called to preach God’s true words, no matter how they may be received. Silence is not an option, nor is twisting God’s word. Pastor’s are not privy to solicit marketing gurus to fabricate a message that will win them public appeal.

However, one would think the church of Christ would be different. After all, the church was birthed by the word of God. Yet tragically, the purity of Christ’s church has been so neglected post-Constantinianism that there are just as many in the church who recoil at the true preaching of the word as there are those who receive it gladly. The pattern of Jeremiah and Ezekiel is replicated in every church where there are more tares than wheat, goats than sheep.

When it comes to the western church, it’s no secret that we are in an epoch of spiritual decline. The size of the church is shriveling and the church’s influence wanes as the chaff of cultural Christianity is burned up by the inferno of secularization. Who knows how long this season of spiritual decline will endure. However, it’s during these eras of history that the men of God refuse to pollute themselves and continue to preach the whole counsel of God with fervor and zeal. We cannot manipulate the message to muster the masses.

Now more than ever, preachers must herald the word of God with greater intensity than ever. We must proclaim the wretchedness of human sin and the condemnation every soul is under. We must proclaim the spectacular love of God in the sending of Christ into the world in order to both bear the punishment of divine wrath and provide divine righteousness for fallen humanity. We must proclaim the necessity of the new birth, the response of repentance, and the necessity of faith. We must call the saints to holiness, obedience, and mission until Christ returns for his church. We must herald the surpassing beauty of God and the all-sufficiency of his grace provided to us in Christ.

Preachers who expound the word of God and proclaim this gospel may endure affliction, but such is the demand of all those called by God to herald the Word. It is a labor, but one in which we are compelled by the Spirit. “Woe to me if I do not preach the gospel!” (1 Cor 9:16). Christ has bid every believer to come and die. Why would the preachers of Christ escape this calling?

So preachers, may we keep a close watch on our life and our teaching. Let us not grow weary in the preaching of the gospel. Let us do it with love and patience, but also with boldness and urgency. If we long to see God bring a revival in our day, he will do so through preaching. It is the means by which God will build his church. May the Lord find us faithful in this most weighty of assignments, as we entrust him with the fruitfulness of it.

“Him we proclaim, warning everyone and teaching everyone with all wisdom, that we may present everyone mature in Christ. For this I toil, struggling with all his energy that he powerfully works within me.” (Colossians 1:28–29, ESV)

The Planting of Redemption Church

This blog post is a personal update to share what’s going on with the Deeter family and how you can best pray for us in the months to come. In the twist of God’s strange and wonderful providence, Kaitlyn and I have become church planters. This news is surprising to us as it may be for some of you!

A couple months ago, I announced my resignation at Forest Hills Baptist Church in Wilson, NC. My resignation there was unexpected and unplanned. Beginning in November of 2017, a strong and public divide revealed itself over my leadership in the congregation. The issues of disagreement were over substantial matters of doctrine and ministry philosophy. When it became clear to myself and other leaders in the congregation that reconciliation in the body seemed to no longer be an option, we decided together that it would be in the best interest of everyone for me to depart. These last few months have been painful as we left a church we dearly loved. However, in the midst of bitter sorrow, God was working things for our good.

After my resignation, Kaitlyn and I began to pray about next steps. We looked towards other ministry positions and began to seek the Lord’s will together. During this time several brothers who came out of Forest Hills over this disagreement, had a burden to gather those planning to leaving Forest Hills and pray about what the Lord was leading them to do next. Soon, they became burdened to see a new church emerge in the community of Wilson that modeled important doctrinal distinctives, such as expositional preaching, regenerate church membership, a plurality of elders, and a centrality of Christ in the work of evangelism and discipleship. They began meeting on Sunday nights for prayer and study.

During this time, another like-minded church, Christ Community Church, was preparing to dissolve. They were a church strongly committed to the Scriptures and faithfully taught by their pastors. However, as they sensed the Lord’s leading to dissolve, they decided to join in this new church plant and gift their resources and assets to this new work that was beginning to form.

All of this has led to the decision to plant Redemption Church in Wilson, NC. The leadership of this new church asked me to stay, plant, and pastor Redemption Church. After much prayer and counsel from other pastors and churches, we sense that this is indeed what the Lord is leading us to do. It is with great joy that we announce that the Deeter family will remain in Wilson, this wonderful city that we have called home. We still feel a burden to reach this community with the gospel, and we are excited to continue that work through the planting of Redemption Church.

We continue to have a great love for Forest Hills, and we pray for God’s blessing on that congregation and for great fruit in their ministry to the community. As painful as our departure has been, we believe that through it, it is God’s good will to birth a new church to be an additional witness to this community.

Yesterday morning, on Easter Sunday, we met for the first time for corporate worship. Much to our surprise there were 96 of us eager and excited to see a new church begin in the city of Wilson. We plan to take the summer and meet together as we formulate and cast the vision for Redemption Church. We hope to covenant and constitute together in August, when we will publicly launch to the community. Rather than just jumping in and immediately starting a church, we want to be diligent in laying a solid foundation for unity that will last for the years to come.

Each Sunday we will meet at 10 AM for a time of fellowship and worship will begin at 10:30 AM. On Sunday nights, we will be meeting at 5 PM to pray and discuss the vision for Redemption Church. We are currently meeting at Toe to Toe Dance studio on Airport Blvd; however, with the size of people and the number of children, we have already outgrown that space!

If you are interested in being a part of Redemption Church, feel free to come join us on Sundays or privately message me.

As the darkness of this secular age settles in on our country, our state, and our city, we need more churches who can burn brightly as lights set upon a hill. We need more churches and new churches who are consumed by zeal for the glory of God and burdened for the souls of their city. We are planting Redemption church because we are a people consumed by the love of Christ and compelled by the love of Christ to reach Wilson for the glory of King Jesus. We covenant together and establish this church because we believe that there are souls in this city that Christ Jesus has set apart for himself that God has uniquely called us to reach. We plant not for us, but for the glory of Christ and for the lost men and women we have yet to meet. We plant so that we might be witnesses, clothed in power from on high to be faithful, sacrificial, and obedient heralds to the life-altering truth that Christ is risen! Join us in prayer that Redemption Church will be a testimony to the resurrected power of Christ and that he would cause us to bear much fruit for the glory of King Jesus.

You can check out the website for Redemption Church at

5 Ways Community Groups Have Changed Our Church’s Culture

In the Fall of 2016, my church launched community groups. For us, community groups are multi-generational, home-based, sermon discussion small groups. We’ve been encouraged by the great participation from our church body, but now several months into these groups, I’m encouraged to observe how these groups are changing our church’s culture and equipping the saints. Here are a few anecdotal observations about the ways community groups have changed our culture at Forest Hills Baptist Church.

1. Community Groups Provides a Ripe Environment for Disciple Making

I’m convinced that programs don’t make disciples, people do. We’ve designed our community groups to be as bear-boned in their structure as possible. The intention was not to create another complicated program for people to follow, but to form an environment in which personal disciple making happens. By the grace of God, we are beginning to see such disciple making occur. Members are discussing their struggles and seeking encouragement for one another. Relationships have grown out of these community groups, nurturing a culture of personal disciple making.

2. Community Groups Have Increased Attention for the Sunday Morning Sermon

The climax of our worship each Sunday occurs when the Scriptures are opened, and we hear and respond to the word of God. Because these groups are sermon-discussion based, its encouraged community groups participants to listen carefully to the message. They listen to the pastor much more intensely and digest the material through copious note taking. Knowing that they will be gathering with their group that night to discuss and apply God’s word, the accountability of community forces them to engage with the sermon personally.

3. Community Groups Form Multi-Generational Relationships

Many churches struggle with an age chasm between generations. Many churches still structure their disciple making strategy around age-segregation. I’m convinced such practices are misguided, and can actually hinder Titus 2 type relationships from developing within your members. When all the older men and women are sequestered off from the younger members, how will such disciple making occur? We’ve sought to be intentional in forming community groups at the start with a multi-generational ethos. In the majority of our groups the 70-year old saint is meeting with the young mom with a brood of children. By bringing the old and young together, this has already begun to bring unity across generations.

4. Community Groups Stir Missional Fervor

Many of our community groups are beginning to think together how they can reach their neighbors for Christ. I’ve been encouraged by one group recently who has taken it upon themselves to provide meals for a neighbor who just welcomed a new baby into their home. Such outreach has begun to occur organically, without any prompting or prodding from the pastoral leadership. It turns out that as people live life together in community, they look for ways to share the Gospel and reach out to others.

5. Community Groups Have Provided a Pathway for New People to Get Connected

One of the greatest challenges as a pastor is helping people go from Sunday morning visitors to community participants. Community groups have provided an excellent first step in helping new people get connected to the life of our church. It provides a safe and non-threatening environment to built relationships with other members in our congregation. It also allows our members to utilize their gift of hospitality to open their homes to outsiders, something the New Testament very much calls us to do.

Life in Community

God has used community groups to bring spiritual growth in our church. As our people live together in community, dig into the Scriptures together, and care for one another, changed lives are the inevitable result. Though we are only a few months in, it’s encouraging to see the way Community Groups have begun to change the culture at Forest Hills Baptist Church. If your church offers something similar to community groups, I’d encourage you to get involved. After all, the Christian life cannot be lived in isolation, but we must habitually meet together, so that we can encourage one another as we wait for the day of the Lord to draw near.

If your a member of Forest Hills and your reading this, and your not in a community group, what are you waiting for? Sign up for one online at our website!

My Four Year Parenting Anniversary

Today is my firstborn’s fourth birthday, or my four year anniversary of being a Dad. Those four years feel both like an eternity and a breeze in the wind all at the same time. Since my son first came into the world four years ago, we’ve added our first daughter to our home (who will be two next month) and a second little girl on the way. The last four years brought good days and bad days. On the one hand, I’ve stood in shock of a temper tantrum with such volatile flailing that you’d think the demons of hell have taken hold of this child. On the other hand, I’ve received more kisses, hugs, and I love you daddy’s than any heart could hold.

God has given me the gift of fatherhood, and with that comes the painful revealing of my own sin. Second only to my marriage, nothing reveals the sin of my own heart like fatherhood. Yet, God has sanctified me through the journey. I never realized how selfish I was until I had another human life depending on me. God has taught me to die to myself and to take on the form of a servant to my family.

However, the most overwhelming part of the parenting task, is the eternal ramifications at stake. Indeed, God has entrusted me not only with keeping these children breathing, but nurturing their souls. Compared to keeping them fed and alive, shepherding their souls is far greater challenge. My job as a Christian father is to both proclaim and model the Gospel to my children. However, my children are more apt to pick up their daddy’s patterns of sin than my meager godliness. Each day, my children develop their view of God from daddy’s example. Though they cannot yet read the Scriptures, they learn about God from daddy’s life and teaching. Knowing that such eyes keep watch protects me from thinking I’m ever “off duty” in the Christian life. Thus, I must be cognizant of the hypocritical life that could very well develop between my public persona as “pastor” and the personal persona as “father.” My children need a Father who lives his entire life under the banner of the all surpassing preeimence of Christ.

The Aim of Parenting

For parents out there, we must ask ourselves, “What is the aim of our parenting?” In other words, “Who are we trying to form these kids into being?” I’m afraid many parents greatly miss the mark on this. They are far more concerned about their children’s accolades and GPA rather than their spiritual formation. It’s good to want the best for your kids, and to give them every possibility imaginable, however what kids need more than anything else is a Mom and Dad devoted to Jesus and who centers their home upon Christ. Such children who grow up with parents who read the Scriptures, teach theology, and pray for their children, are blessed beyond measure.

Yet, the aim of our parenting points ultimately towards Christ and his glory. The greatest disciple making any of us will do will be with our children. As God gifts us with these precious children, we invite them to watch our life and our doctrine. We nurture them, love them, and weep over them, begging the Lord to save their souls and use them mightily for the advancement of the Gospel. Children are like arrows in the hands of a skilled archer. We raise them only to release them into the world, praying that the sharpening and training over two decades will bring glory to Jesus.

For me, these last four years of parenting have flown by, and even still I’m reminded of the ticking clock of how little time I have with my children. Every child’s birthday, I’m reminded of the urgency and importance of my work as father that will far exceed and outlast my work as pastor or scholar. May we parents resolve to honor God in our task and fully devote ourselves to the precious work of ministry called parenting.

Be a Friend of Sinners

When Jesus invited Levi to follow him, everything changed. This tax collector was transformed by the savior’s call. In order to express his gratitude and love for Jesus, Levi threw a party in Jesus’ honor. He’s so thankful for Jesus that he gathers all of his tax collector friends and other sinners to come recline with Jesus and his disciples. This quite the party! Here is Jesus the son of God eating and talking with the social outcasts—the sinners. The shock of this scene is difficult for us to fully understand in our culture. Reclining at someone’s table was a mark of friendship, intimacy, and love. It was the place of community, long conversations, and fellowship. It mattered who you ate with in Jesus day, similarly to how it matters which table you sat at in the high school Cafeteria. By eating with people you were identifying with them. No one wanted to eat with these tax collectors and sinners because it meant socially demeaning yourself to spend time with them. Yet, these are the sorts of people Jesus hung out with. He was a friend of sinners.

Jesus’ Evangelistic Strategy

It is here that we see Jesus’ mission strategy. It’s a complicated, super difficult strategy that takes years to master. It’s a strategy that all the church growth experts out there have yet to figure out yet as they develop new ministry program after new program. You ready to hear what Jesus’ missionary strategy was? He ate with people. That’s it. He ate dinner with people. His work of evangelism and discipleship always took place around the dinner table. As Jesus tells us in Luke 7:34, “The Son of Man has come eating and drinking.” Meals are community creating events. Meals unite us with other people. Even today, food and drink connects people together. Why else to people gather at bars and restaurants? People go for community and fellowship. There is a reason everyone feels awkward eating alone in a restaurant. God has designed our meals to be times of connection and friendship with one another.

Now Christian’s are known for lots of things, but perhaps what we are best known for is our covered dish dinner. But, while most of our meals at church are with other Christians, look at the company Jesus kept at his meals! He eats with sinners and tax collectors! Now it is good for the body of Christ to come together and fellowship and eat together, but we have to ask the question, how have we strayed from Jesus’ own missions strategy? We’ve so secluded ourselves in the Christian bubble, that we only surround ourselves with Christians. In fact, we’ve intentionally designed our lives so that we have as little interaction with non Christians as possible. We do Bible studies where everyone there is a Christian. We swing the golf clubs with other Christians. We have Christian doctors, Christian handymen, Christian dentists, Christian coaches… you get the point. All of our friends are Christians and the only people we eat with our Christians. We only eat with people who are like us—Christian.

The American Church Has Killed Off Evangelism

No wonder the American church fails in the task of evangelism—we aren’t friends with anyone who isn’t a Christian! Indeed, we design so much of our programs in the church to reinforce the Christian bubble. The church becomes the Smörgåsbord of programs and activities that lead to the cul-de-sac of the Christian bubble. We have Christian golf tournaments, Christian Senior Adult activities, Christian choirs, Christian basketball leagues, Christian baking clubs. Again, you get the point, and I’m aware that I’m striking at nerve at Forest Hills, because this is exactly they way we program, and I think it’s well intentioned, but severely misguided. We’ve strayed so far from Jesus’ simple missional strategy of eating with sinners. We’ve swapped it out with hundreds of activity that all keep us busy but ineffective in reaching the world for Christ. So we can have a busy week at the church with activities, outings, and all the while never speaking once to someone who is not a Christian. I believe the American Church has unintentionally structured itself to kill off evangelism. After all you can not evangelize to non-Christians if you don’t know any non-Christians. Instead of mobilizing Christians to mission, the church has only entrapped them in the Christian bubble.

Eat With Sinners

So what would it look like for you and I to adopt Jesus’ mission strategy? What would it look like if our church began to declutter our programming to free you up to live like this? I hesitate to make such specific application lest I stumble across a sacred cow. So rather than critiquing church programming, I’d rather challenge you as an individual to live like Jesus. Do you want to be a more effective evangelist? Do you want to make an impact in the kingdom of God? What if I told you that you don’t need any formal training or certification and that its as easy as eating a cheese burger? Here is the challenge: eat one meal a week with somebody who isn’t a Christian.

We all have to eat anyway don’t we? On your lunch break at work, invite a co-worker who doesn’t know the Lord out eat with you. One evening invite your unbelieving neighbors over for dinner. Go grab a cup of coffee with a friend in your aerobics class who doesn’t know Jesus. It really is that simple. Be friends with non Christian people. You have to eat, so why not eat with other people who don’t know Jesus?

I’ve failed at this a lot personally over the course of my life, and I still have a long ways to go, but I’ve done my best to keep my lunches booked during the work week. It often means that we have to budget extra in our family budget for restaurant eating, but so much of my ministry is done over conversations with other men over a meal. It is there in those deep conversations with mouths full that encouragement is lavished, admonishment is given, and evangelism happens. So the challenge this morning is simple—who is one person you can invite to a meal this week who doesn’t know Jesus? In your community groups tonight, share the name of that person with your group for prayer, accountability, and encouragement. Work it into the rhythm of your life that you eat with other people, particularly with those who do not know Jesus.

Reevaluate Your Priorities

This may mean you need to re-evaluate your weekly calendar. Most of us are sinfully too busy. We pack our calendars so full with activity that we don’t have time to be intentional in building relationships with non believers. You may have to say no to some other commitments so that you can encounter new people on a regular basis. Use your hobby as a bridge to relationship. Love golfing? Join a group of guys and go golfing with them on Saturday. Love knitting? Join a sowing group in town and meet new friends and share your testimony with them. Love working out? Meet some people at the gym and invite someone out to coffee after your morning workout. Love basketball? Invite your co-worker over to your house to watch the game on Friday night. You get the picture. Evangelism isn’t always just going door to door. Though there is nothing wrong with doing that, but often the most effective evangelistic opportunities we have come through the trust of personal relationship. Be hospitable, friendly, and welcoming to all people. Build friendships with those who don’t know Jesus and through those friendships live out and share the Gospel. Missions isn’t an event and it isn’t nearly as hard as we make it out to be. It’s simply every day Christians doing every day things with Gospel intentionality.

As you are intentional with the Gospel and build those friendships with non Christians, the Spirit will work in the natural ebb and flow of the conversation to open hearts and provide you plenty of opportunities to share the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Be like Jesus. Be a friend of sinners.

A Testimonial: Don’t Neglect the Hard Books of the Bible in Your Preaching

Recently I preached through book of Job in just four weeks. If you are interested you can listen to those four sermons here. Job is the sort of book that is often neglected in our Bible, and due to its difficulty many preachers skip over it. When I first planned on preaching through Job, I had reservations. It’s a lengthy book with a difficult topic. Yet, convinced with its relevance to the lives of my church, I pressed on in my preparation. Job-Rotator

A few weeks into the series  a woman, who I respect dearly, express her initial timidity about my taking on this particular book in just four weeks, but shared with me the positive feedback she’s heard from many of our members through the Job series. I’ve been pleasantly caught off guard how this little book has impacted so many in our congregation, but I really shouldn’t be surprised. After all, the Spirit of God works the the preaching of the word, even difficult books like Job.

Getting Past Glibness

Now I say all this not to laud my own preaching accomplishments. In fact, I believe the impact of the book of Job had little to do with the preacher at all—neither in the crafting of the sermon nor the delivery. No, I believe the impact of the book of Job on my congregation came from the neglect of teaching on suffering in the church today. People just don't hear message much on how to suffer well. In our consumeristic culture constantly trying to attract seekers, a topic like suffering wouldn't appear to draw much of a crowd.

If we let lost people dictate what is preached in the pulpit we end up with pragmatic, moralistic sermons devoid of the Bible and the Gospel. When we preach to people’s felt needs, our worship become superficial and glib. In order to convince people to be Christian, we plaster on our smiles and talk about how happy Jesus makes us. As a result, many Christians appear robotic and disconnected from the harsh realities in which we live. Sadly, that happiness promoted merely reflects the consumeristic culture, which is how the despicable prosperity gospel teaching infiltrates so many American churches. Lamenting Christians don’t make good billboards for our marketing efforts.

Expository preaching forces congregations to go through tough texts and encounter biblical themes that we might not ordinarily choose. Even still, expository preachers tend to neglect the Old Testament. A pervasive genre in the Old Testament is lament. From Job to Jeremiah to the Psalter, the Old Testament wrestles with depression and sorrow. I believe these sections of Scripture provide an significant comfort to Christians who have grown tired of pretending to be happy all the time.

Proclaim Hope to Sufferers

As an Christian could tell you, following Jesus is difficult. Suffering is a recurring facet of human existence in this fallen, sinful world. Pastors and teachers need to expose our people to these neglected gems, like Job, and teach them to suffer well. As I preached through the book of Job, I knew I was preaching to many who were suffering. Because I know my people, I know that there are suffers present: a man ever-weakening with ALS, women struggling with recurring bouts of depression, the widow who doesn’t know how to move on from her husband’s death, the mother who had to burry her own child, and the fathers laid off and struggling to find work.

If pastors are to be faithful in their task of shepherding they must proclaim the hope of the Gospel even in the difficult afflictions of the present age. We must help our congregation set their hope on Christ, in the midst of the depression and questions.

Worship in Tears of Joy and Sorrow

Thankfully, God has given us a wonderful resource to assist suffers: a savior who suffers with us and for us. Jesus identifies us in the frailty of our flesh and endures the cross of Christ to redeem us and to mend this broken world. Hope is here and is coming. the Bible in not a monolithic book, but is contoured with various writers and genres, styles and themes. This diversity allows us to voice the prayers and concerns of the Biblical writers to God, including those who may be going through the must anguished suffering like Job. We ought not to neglect tough books of the Bible, because they help provide balance to the full range of dynamics within the Christian life. We must learn how to follow Christ when the goodness of God’s providence shines brightly on us, but also when that providence darkens and turns bitter. When our hope is grounded securely in Christ, we can worship God both in tears of joy and of sorrow.

What Socialists Get Right About Capitalism

silentttwbDaniel Day Lewis, in his oscar winning performance in the movie There Will Be Blood, plays the role of an aspiring oil tycoon named Daniel Plainview who becomes consumed with success and greed. The film is a stellar work of art, a parable of the depravity of the human heart. Though the film does have some nihilistic under tones, the movie illustrates the inherent dangers of capitalism gone awry. The time period movie is accompanied by an eerie sound track, reminiscent of horror movies creating tension as Plainview spirals into a religious devotion to greed, money, and success. This election year has brought economics to the forefront of our national conversation, particularly with the surprising support for Vermont senator Bernie Sanders, an avowed democratic socialists. Many of his supporters have vocalized together, a populist movement of young people, who have expressed disillusionment by the corruption and injustice they see in American capitalism. Though the field of economics is well outside my arena of expertise, I believe many conservative capitalists (like myself) have dismissed their concerns a little too quickly. Though their solution (socialism) is naive and misguided, their diagnosis (greed) is spot on. Capitalism was birthed in a Christian worldview, as some historians have traced its roots to the Puritan work ethic. The puritans brought dignity and honor to secular vocations, seeing labor as an act of worship done unto the glory of God. The Puritan vision of vocation and worship no doubt contributed to the importance of economic productivity and prosperity that has accompanied so much of capitalism. In many ways capitalism has brought wealth and prosperity to the Western world.

However, capitalism can have an ugly underbelly. The increasing secular culture has eroded the puritan vision for work as worship. The puritans saw work as a means to a doxological end, while many Americans see work as a means to a materialistic end. Both Bernie Sanders and movies like There Will Be Blood identify the inherent and increasing danger of capitalism—the enslaving greed and lust for more. In this fallen world, there is no perfect economic system. Yet, a common Christian worldview through western society has protected us like guard rails on a highway, keeping the capitalistic impulse from driving off the cliff into a pit of avarice. As American culture continues to dump any remnants of a common Christian worldview, a secular replacement will only accelerate our economic engine into greater greed.

The Christian worldview curtails the greedy human heart from excess via the virtues of humility, generosity, sacrifice, and love for neighbor. Only the Christian worldview can put work, success, and money in their subordinate place, under the rule of Christ. Only the Gospel can motivate the human heart to radical generosity and self-denial in order to care for the destitute. Only when the population is compelled by the Gospel can Paul’s words be put into practice:

“As for the rich in this present age, charge them not to be haughty, nor to set their hopes on the uncertainty of riches, but on God, who richly provides us with everything to enjoy. They are to do good, to be rich in good works, to be generous and ready to share, thus storing up treasure for themselves as a good foundation for the future, so that they may take hold of that which is truly life.” (1 Timothy 6:17–19, ESV)

Paul does not chastise the rich for being wealthy, rather he charges them not to “set their hopes on the uncertainty of riches.” The issue isn’t how much a person makes, but how much he keeps. A Christian may strike oil economically through diligent hard work, but the Christian ought to take that wealth and “to do good.” They are to exchange their financial wealth “to be rich in good works.” The Scriptures place the burden of generosity upon the individual not upon governmental institutions.

Thus, socialism does not provide a solution to capitalism’s current problems, rather it consolidates the problem into a more efficient and streamlined governmental control, a system already prone to corruption and cronyism. Government imposed benevolence not only violates the dignity of human work, but will take away incentive for people to work at all. Having the government play Robin Hood will only increase poverty and stunt economic growth.

So then what’s the solution? I would suggest the recovery of the Christian worldview. Only a societal buy-in to the Puritan vision of work as worship will keep the evils of capitalism as bay. As we witnesses the dissolution of the Christian worldview in our country, time will reveal that a secular worldview will only accelerate the corrosion of justice. “For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evils.” (1 Timothy 6:10, ESV). Sure, the economic incentive to make money will stick around for a while, but don’t be surprised when we see more souls in the ditch of greed once those guard rails are removed. Society does not need an economic revolution but a spiritual awakening—a return to an absolute dependence on Christ’s redemptive work and societal adoption of his kingdom’s values.